This research project (2007-2008) aimed to develop and apply numerical optimisation techniques, such as Genetic Algorithms, to the design of free-form RC shell structures. The algorithms were developed in Rhinoscript, and the morphogenetic process was controlled via the Rhinoceros GUI. Architects can now explore shape variations during conceptual design in real-time, and the conventional optimisation procedure of "form-improvement" has been transformed into a computational process of morphogenesis.
With this project, I won the IASS Hangai Prize in 2007, as a young researcher under 30. An application to the Crematorium of Kakamigahara, designed by Toyo Ito and Mutsuro Sasaki Consultants, showed the potential of this approach, especially when compared to the original optimisation process, which was performed by using a Sensitivity Analysis on a shape that was predetermined by the architect.
Team: Alberto Pugnale (PhD student), Mario Sassone (Supervisor)