On the interaction between architecture and engineering: the acoustic optimization of a reinforced concrete shell

This paper was recently presented at the IASS-IACM 2008 (Ithaca NY, USA). The authors are Mario Sassone, Tomàs Mendez and Alberto Pugnale. You can read the full text on ResearchGate.

In this paper a computational morphogenesis process is applied to the design and the optimization of the shell roof of a large music hall. The architectural concept is based on the folded plate technique: a set of reinforced concrete plates, connected to each other on the edges, forms the global shape of the roof. The dimensions of each plate are different, so that the structure is not regular; moreover each plate is not plane but slightly curved to form hypars. Starting from the geometric concept of the roof, a process of optimization and form finding has been applied, in order to obtain the best acoustic performance, in terms of distribution of the acoustic pressure level in the hall. The folded plate surface has been described mathematically by using a NURBS representation and the control point positions has been assumed as the design variables. The acoustic performance has been evaluated by means of an algorithm able to calculate the acoustic pressure level in all the points of the hall, considering the reflection of the roof. The uniformity of acoustic pressure level in all the points of the hall has been assumed as the target of the optimization process. A genetic algorithm, i.e. an evolutionary iterative population-based scheme, has been adopted in the optimization procedure. The evolution of the shape towards the optimal solution is controlled interactively by the designer, in order to avoid the convergence to unexpected configurations.

Operators of the Genetic Algorithm

AG diagramma Improved ITA

Improvement of the roof performance

Riepilogo acustica Sequenza acustica9

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